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Data centre operators set for stricter energy reporting in the EU

Written by Wed 25 Oct 2023

The European Commission has increased energy reporting requirements in an effort to help the EU meet its goal of climate neutral data centres by 2030.

As part of the updated European Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), data centre owners and operators with a minimum installed IT capacity of 500kW must disclose their energy performance.

Data centre owners and operators are also expected to provide information on floor area, installed power, data volumes, energy consumption, power usage effectiveness (PUE), temperature settings, waste heat usage, water consumption, and renewable energy usage.

Data from 2023 must be reported by 15 May 2024. The EU plans to examine the data it receives from data centre owners and operators in 2024. By 15 May 2025, the Commission will review the data submitted on the energy efficiency of data centres.

The Commission will then provide a report to the European Parliament and the Council of the EU, including potential new laws to enhance energy efficiency. These measures may include setting minimum performance standards and assessing the possibility of transitioning to a data centre sector with net zero emissions.

The EED’s objective is to decrease energy usage in Europe by 11.7% by 2030. This is in support of the EU’s Green Deal, which aims to achieve a 55% reduction in carbon emissions by the same date.

As part of the EED, the Commission can adopt a secondary legal instrument, known as a delegated act, to amend primary EU legislation. In the context of the EED, the Commission is required to implement the initial delegated act by 31 December 2023.

This act will establish a unified European system for rating the sustainability of data centres within the EU. It will also specify the key performance indicators as well as the method for measuring them.

In 2018, data centres represented 2.7% of the EU’s electricity demand. If current trends persists, the Commission projected this figure to rise to 3.21% by 2030. 

The European Commission said energy efficiency helps reduce overall energy consumption and is therefore central to achieving its climate ambition. Simultaneously, reduction in energy consumption is expected to enhance present and future energy security and affordability.

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Written by Wed 25 Oct 2023

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